10 Top Historical places in Dublin
If you are looking for historical places in Dublin, you found them! The top list and all you need to know.The city of Dublin is steeped in history. The heart of the lively city contains remnants of the medieval landscape from its years of yore. The city puts a high value on the preservation of its rich culture and history, maintaining different places of historical interest. Here is a glimpse of the structures that makes up the backbone of Dublin’s past.
1. Mansion House
The Lord Mayors of Dublin has been holding residence in the Mansion House since 1715. Its grand walls stood witness to many events of historical significance, such as the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty and the formation of the new Irish State. Its halls received numerous sports champions, musical celebrities and theater actors as well as local and international leaders. It has been the heart of Dublin life for 300 years and is the venue for dances , celebrations and holiday festivities.
2. General Post Office
An imposing classical building dominating the main thoroughfare of Dublin is also the site of the proclamation of the short-lived Irish republic. The General Post Office (GPO) serves as the icon of the failed Easter Rising.
A visit to Dublin is not complete without going to this important landmark. It is a popular destination for philatelists as it holds a massive stamp collection on display. It also provides the visitors a glimpse of its operations as it is a working post office.
Restorations were done on its interior to match its impressive facade, making it worth the visit.
3. Dublin Castle
The significance of the Dublin Castle in the history of Dublin dates to 1204, shortly after the Norman invasion of Ireland when King John of England ordered Meiler Fitzhenry to build a strong fortress intended to protect the King’s treasures, defend the city and administer justice.
The castle’s courtyard is of a typical Norman style, with a central square bordered by grand defensive walls with a watch tower at every corner.
4. Leinster House
The earl of Kildare, James Fitzgerald built this house to be his residence on an obscure area south of the city, away from the fashionable locations of aristocracies. He called it the Leinster House. The Earl made a prediction that the house will be the first among the many houses that will be erected in the area. He predicted correctly, as the wealthy families of the north followed suit and transferred residence to the site of the Leinster House.
5. Bank of Ireland
In 1803, the Bank of Ireland acquired the defunct Parliament House and used it as a working branch. Today, it still opens its doors to visitors to showcase the impressive chamber of the Irish House of Lords. Proposals to use the building as a venue for cultural activities are currently being set out by the Irish Government.
6. Dublin City Hall
The Dublin City Hall was designed by the architect Thomas Cooley between the years 1769 and 1779 and was intended to be a place for businessmen of early times to trade and sell goods and bills of exchange. It was also a convenient place for overseas merchants to conduct business since it was in close proximity to the then Customs House.
Its facade is made of white Portland stone. The stucco Dore Charles Thorpe created opulent plaster work which complements the elegant carvings done by Simon Vierpyl. This hints of the prestige and standing of 18th century Dublin.
The Dublin City Council, formerly called Dublin Corporation, holds meetings in the Dublin City Hall.
7. Government Buildings
A quadrangle on Merrion Street in Dublin is enclosed by an Edwardian building of massive stature called the Government Buildings. It is the home of several key offices of the Government of Ireland. It was the last one among the structures built under the British rule. A row of Georgian townhouses was demolished to accommodate the construction of the buildings, leading to some heated controversy.
It was designed by the British architect Sir Aston Webb, who went on to redesign the facade of the Buckingham Palace.
A company employed by the Military Police Corps and the Garda Siochana man the buildings.
8. The President’s Residence
The Aras an Uachtarain (President’s Residence) serves as the work station and official residence of the President of Ireland. It has a total of ninety-five rooms.
Nathaniel Clements, then an amateur architect moonlighting as a park ranger, designed the original house in the mid-eighteenth century. The administration of the British Lord Lieutenant of Ireland acquired the property and turned it into its summer residence.
Douglas Hyde, Ireland’s first president, lived in the structure in 1938. Since then, the house because closely identified to the heads of state.
It is modest as compared with the grand presidential palaces of Europe, with just a few state rooms including the President’s Office and Library, drawing room, a large ballroom, and the large and small dining rooms, and some 18th and 19th century bedrooms. Walking on its corridors, one will be greeted by the busts of past presidents.
9. Casino Marino
The Casino Marino displays an ingenuity that had been way ahead of its time. This classic and fine example of Palladian architecture may be the best one outside Italy.
The brilliant mind of the architect Sir William Chambers who was commissioned by James Caulfield, first Earl of Charlemont, can be seen through the optical illusions rendered in the house. Each of the window pane is angled in a way that it will deflect light, causing it to remain black from all angles. The columns are massive in size but are actually hollow on the inside and are utilized as gutters. Decorative urns serve as chimney pots.
You might want to try a guided tour to the casino and be enthralled by the colorful tales told by the guides.
10. Four Courts
There are not many structures in Dublin that can speaks of the city’s history better than the Four Courts, the main court in Ireland. Named as such because it used to serve as the location for the four courts of Chancery, King’s Bench, Exchequer and Common Pleas. It now houses the four legal courts in the country, such as the Court of Appeals, The High Courts, the Dublin Circuit Court and the Supreme Court. Located on the Inns Quay of Dublin, it stands proud as a symbol of law in Ireland.